Should we adopt the same rule on this SE site, since many (if not all) of the same reasons for it apply here as well?
My opinion is no. (Short answer version).
Longer answer version:
Reasons why I don't think it applies here exactly as it is in Academia (disclaimer: I'm not active on Academia, but I do know TWP and based on that I list the following points):
On TWP many of the users that come here is because they screwed up or someone on their company screwed up and they seek for professional advise on how to handle such events. You can see many posts of the nature "I did X thing...", or "Coworker/boss did X thing...", so banning those questions would be shutting down many users that come here for help.
When such users come to this site, the vast majority never use their real name, or the coworker/boss that screwed up name, or even post from their regular SE account. Several post as anon, or create a new account only to post the sensible question, or eventually ask us to disassociate the post from their account. The standard that we follow here and that I'm glad that the vast majority follows is to give an alias to such coworker/boss, as to avoid using their actual names. So, in practice and in our day by day we "never" see a post that includes a specific Name and Last name.
We also never see real posts that are directed to a member of the Community (real == not troll). Like "I work with @DarkCygnus and he screwed up his latest commit to the repo. How to handle this?". This is mostly due to the fact that names and actors are unidentifiable in the vast majority of the posts, as mentioned in the previous point. Besides, by doing that the OP would be also disclosing their identity to the person mentioned by simple deduction (if I ever see such a posting I'll immediately know which of my coworkers could have posted that).
Thus, why I think that such rule does not apply here as it is on Academia SE.
Besides, this single incident that prompted this Meta Post actually had a much more simple solution that didn't involved censorship or banning a user from seeking help: we simply changed the OP's username to the default name given by SE and removed their PP for the generic avatar SE generates. In other words, leave the post but make the user or target unidentifiable.
If you think of it, this even makes sense in an Academic perspective regarding the ethical use of Human subjects in research, according to the Belmont Report and the related principles ;) (specially the Respect for Persons principle).